The Brigham Young University Army Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) began 29 April 1968. A building was constructed specifically for the ROTC programs (both Army and Air Force) and dedicated as the Daniel H. Wells ROTC Building October 1968.

The first course of instruction was held during the 1968 spring term with a faculty and staff of four officers, two enlisted men, and two civilians. David R. Lyon, colonel, field artillery, was the first professor of military science.

Extracurricular activities at that time included a drill team, rifle marksmanship team, color guard, and the Army sponsor corps. Later, the Army ROTC chorus, the Army ROTC band, and a ranger company were organized.

In its early years (1969–1974) the BYU Army ROTC program had the largest voluntary cadet enrollment west of Texas A&M University and the largest attendance at both the Basic and Advanced Camps.

Since 1976, BYU cadets have consistently been recognized for their achievements at the Fourth Region Advanced Camp held at Fort Lewis, Washington. In 1988, two of the top ten regimental cadets of the camp were from BYU.

In 1988 and 1990, the BYU ranger challenge team placed first in brigade competitions, and first in region competitions at Fort Lewis, Washington. Because the team achieved scores higher than those achieved in any of the other three ROTC regions, the BYU rangers were declared the 1988 and 1990 national champions.

During Fall Semester 2011 Cadets had the opportunity to participate in the annual BYU and U of U Gameball run and unveiled a 100 yard American Flag during the pregame. The Ranger Challenge Team has again defeated the competition regionally and been crowned the 2011 champions for the 28th time in the last 30 years. Cadets also had the opportunity to participate in the annual Field Training Exercise (FTX) held at Camp Williams where they learned and practice land nav, STX lanes and FOB operations. Their year ended with the annual President Review where they were reviewed by President Samuelson.

Past professors of military science include the following individuals: David R. Lyon, COL (1968–1972), deceased March 2002; Bartley E. Day, COL (1972–1977), deceased October 1994; Donald G. Andrews, COL (1977–1980); John T. Kallunki, LTC (1980–1983), deceased August 1997; Brigham S. Shuler, LTC (1983–1987); John Norton Jr., LTC (1987–1991); Paul M. Searle, LTC (1991–1993); Joseph L. Allred, LTC (1993–1995); John J. Sullivan, LTC (1995–1998); Donald A. Coe, LTC (1998–1999); Reid E. Grawe, LTC (1999–2006); Theodore M. Leblow, LTC (2006-2010), Marc Boberg, LTC (2010-2014), Chanda I. Mofu, LTC (2014 - 2016). The current commander is LTC Forrest 'Chip' Cook. 

More information about the history of BYU's ROTC program can be viewed by clicking here.